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Program: Foton

Also called Photon

Scientific Russian program. The satellite is partially recoverable. It carries scientific experiments for Russia and other countries.

Technical data

The Foton satellite, built by the Central Specialized Design Bureau in Samara, is based on the Vostok/Zenit spy satellite bus. The spacecraft consists of a spherical descent module, a service module with solid-propellant deorbit motor, and a separable battery pack.

The Foton M satellites are modified Vostok spacecraft containing a service module, a solid-fuel retro-rocket unit and batteries. Typical mass of about 6200 - 6500 kg. Scientific payload mass about 650 kg. 800 W power.

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