Russian LEO telecommunication system, designed from the reconvertion of
military technology. The system should be composed of 36 satellites on 6
orbital planes. The project was launched in 1992. The satellites are probably
less than 300 kg.
The system should use the
positioning systems for geolocation services. Gonets operates in the
259.5-265.2 MHz range VHF/UHF band and the 1.5/1.6 GHz band. Uplinks will be
from 312-315 MHz and 1624.5-1643.4 MHz, and downlinks from 387-390 MHz and
The system is derived from the
military series. The Gonets-D crafts were most probably test satellites.
Satellites are built by NPO PM.