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Foton 14

Also called Foton M2


Designation 28686 / 05020A
Launch date 31 May 2005
Country of origin CIS
Mission Scientific: microgravity studies
Perigee/Apogee 260/302 km
Inclination 63°
Period 93 min
Launch vehicle Soyuz
Launch site Tyuratam

First Foton launch from Baykonur.

Carries 300 kg of ESA-supplied payload (39 experiments). Most of the failed Foton 13 experiments are onboard. Total mass at launch: 6300 kg. Russia had 20 experiments.

ESA's experiments are mainly focused on fluid physics, chemistry, material science and biology. In particular, the Fluidpac experiment aims at studying heat transfer in microgravity to develop new heat-exchangers designs. Chemical diffusion experiments called SCCO (Soret Coefficients in Crude Oil) will contribute to more efficient oil exploration processes. Moreover, material science investigations in the Agat and Polizon facilities will help to develop better semiconductor alloys. Finally, biological research is highly represented on the scientific platform with the Biopan experiment, which is flying on a Foton spacecraft for the fifth time.

End of life

Out of service 16 Jun 2005
Cause Normal deorbit
Decay 16 Jun 2005 at 07:36 UT

Downlink: 239.5 MHz

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