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Long March (Chang Zheng)

by Jean-Jacques Serra
listing by Gunter Krebs

After the rupture between China and USSR in June 1959 the Chinese started to develop a series a ballistic missiles powered with stockable propellant. The first of these was the CSS-1: a single stage rocket very close to the Soviet SS-3 which was 22 m in length and 1.65 m in diameter that could cover 1100 km. It was tested in the sixties and entered service in 1970. The first Chinese IRBM, the CSS-2 was also single staged. It was 23 m long, 2.23 m diameter and ranged 2500 km. The first in-flight tests were carried out on 1969 and was deployed in 1972. The CSS-3 version with 6500 km range was made by adding a second stage to the CSS-2 (with same diameter). It never entered operational service was was used as the basis of the first Chinese launcher: CZ-1.

CZ-1 launchers


The CZ-1 rocket (Chang Zheng = Long March) was derived from the CSS-3 (also called DF-4 by the Chinese, Dong Feng = East Wind) which was added a solid fuel third stage. The first stage was 17.8 m long and weighed 64.1 tons including 60 tons of propellant (Nitric Acid and UDMH). It was powered by a YF-2A motor featuring 4 chambers of 1100 kN at ground level, burning during 130 seconds (ISp = 241 s). The 5.4 m second stage weighed 15.9 tons including 13.2 tons of ergols (NTO and UDMH). It used a YF-3 motor providing 294 kN thrust in vacuum during 126 seconds (ISp = 287 s). The spin-stabilized third stage required a GF=02 powder bloc weighing 1.8 tons which provides 29 kN thrust.

The full CZ-1 launcher was 29.45 m high for 81.6 tons at takeoff and could orbit a 300 kg payload at 440 km with 70° inclination. It launched the 2 first Chinese satellites from Juiquan in April 1970 and March 1971 after a failure in November 1969.

Enhanced version of this launcher: CZ-1C and CZ-1D completly Chinese and CZ-1M featuring an Italian 3rd stage (IRIS) were announced...

Second generation launchers: FB-1 and CZ-2A/D


The first Chinese ICBM CSS-3 (or DF-5 in the Chinese jargon) was over 30 m high for 3.35 m diameter. It featured two liquid fuel stages (NTO and UDMH) and ranged 11000 km. In-flight tests were carried out in 1979 and only few exemplars (8 to 12 ?) were deployed after 1980.

Its development was carried out in the same time as two space launcher programs: FB-1 (Feng Bao = storm) and CZ-2. Very little is known on the FB-1 but it is probably similar to CZ-2 with lower performances (1.2 tons is LEO against 1.7 tons). Some sources believe the two launchers were developped by two different agencies (SBA (Shanghai Bureau of Astronautics) et la BWYIC (Beijing Wan Yuan Industry Corporation)) from the same specifications. It was launched successfully 4 times from Jiuquan between July 1975 and September 1981; 4 failures and 3 suborbital flights were also reported.

The most important launcher of the other series is the CZ-2C. The CZ-2A was indeed only fired once in November 1974 and the B designation used for the FB-1. The CZ-2C featured a L-140 first stage of 20.5 m long which weighed 151 tons including 142 tons of propellant. It was powered by 4 YF-20 motors of 696 kN thrust at ground level (ISp = 260 s) which burned during 132 seconds. The second stage (L-35) was 7.5 m long and 39 tons (35 tons for propellant). It was equipped with an YF-22 motor providing 762 kN in vacuum (ISp = 290 s) associated with 4 deployable YF-23 verniers providing a total of 44 kN. The main engine burned 110 seconds while the verniers 300 seconds.

The CZ-2C launcher is 32.6 to 35.1 m high (depending on the cap) and weighed about 191 tons. It can deliver 2 to 2.5 tons in LEO. From Juiquan it orbited 9 retrievable FSW-0 (Fanhui Shi Weixing) satellites between November 1975 and August 1987 and 5 FSW-1 since September 1987. An enhanced version named CZ-2D launched two FSW-2 satellites in August 1992 and July 1994.

Three-stage versions of the CZ-2C were announced . Only the CZ-2C/SD should be used for Iridium.

CZ-3 launchers


The CZ-3 rocket is a 3-stage launcher which makes use of modified versions of the 2 first stages of CZ-2C (same performances) and adds a cryogenic third stage. This H-8 cryogenic stage is 7.5 m long for 2.25 m diameter. It weighs 10.5 tons including 8.5 tons of propellant (LH2 and LOX). it is equipped with a 4-chamber YF-73 motor providing 44 kN thurst in vacuum (ISp = 420 s). The reignitable motor is used for two burns during 500 and 300 seconds.

This launcher is 43.2 to 43.8 m high and weighs 202 tons. It can orbit 1.4 tons in GTO. It was used from Xichang from January 1984 on to launch Chinese telecommunication satellites of foreign spacecrafts. It should still be used even after the introduction of enhanced versions designated CZ-3A and CZ-3B.

Third generation launchers: CZ-4, CZ-2E and CZ-3A/B


A new Chinese generation was introduced in the late eighties based on a streched L-180 first stage equipped with more powerful motors.

The first launcher to use those new elements was CZ-4 specialy designed for sunsynchronous orbits. The first stage is thus an L-180 with 24.7 m long carrying 138 tons propellant powered during 156 seconds by 4 YF-20 motors which unitary thrust was boosted to 735 kN. The second stage is an modified L-35 with 10.4 m long. Its main engine is a YF-25 of 766 kN assisted by 4 YF-23 verniers. The third stage (L-14) specific to the CZ-4 is 6.2 m long for 2.9 m diameter. It is equipped with a pair of YF-40 engines which burn NTO and UDMH. Their total thrust is 98 kN during 321 seconds (ISp = 303 s). This CZ-4 reaches 42 m high and 250 tons. It can deliver a 1.5 ton payload on sun-synchronous orbit at 900 km. It was used to launch 2 meteorological FY satellites from Taiyuan in Sep 1988 and Sep 1990. The CZ-4C is similar to CZ-4B, with the restart capability added.

The second launcher to use the L-180 and the enhanced motors is the CZ-2E devoted to heavy GEO payloads. The first stage is an L-180 with 23.7 m long (187 tons propellant) propulsed during 159 seconds by 4 YF-20 motors of 735 kN. It is assisted during 126 seconds by 4 LB-40 boosters of 15.6 m long and 2.25 m diameter (38 tons of propellant each) equipped with the same YF-20 engines. The second stage is an L-90 of 15.5 m long (86 tons ergols) with a YF-25 main engine of 831 kN. It is surrounded by 4 YF-23 verniers. The main engine burns during 300 seconds while the version 413 seconds.

The CZ-2E is 49.7 to 51.2 m high. It weighs 460 tons at takeoff. Its capacity reaches 8.8 tons in LEO but it is only used for geostationary satellites with a solid perigee stage. The first version with the American Thiokol Star-63F could place 3.14 tons in GTO. With the EPKM of the Chinese HCMC (Hexi Chemical & Manufacturing Corp) company used for the first time in Nov 1995 the performance reaches 3.46 tons. After a trial launch in July 1990 the CZ-2E was used to launch several telecommunications satellites from Xichang...

The third launcher based on the L-180 was the CZ-3A also devoted to heavy payloads aimed at GEO. The first stage is a 23 m long L-180 (170 tons of propellant) powered by four 735 kN YF-20 motors. The second stage is a L-35 of 11.5 m long (29.6 tons ergol) with an YF-25 main engine of 766 kN which burns during 110 seconds assited by 4 YF-23 verniers. The new H-18 cryogenic third stage is 8.8 m long and 3.0 m diameter (17.6 tons propellant). It features 2 YF-75 engines providing a total thrust of 157 kN (ISp = 425 s) during 470 seconds in 2 burns.

The CZ-3A has a total of 52.3 m high and 240 tons at takeoff. It can orbit 2.3 tons in GTO. After a trial launch in Feb 1994 to launched a 3rd generation telecommunication DFH satellite in Nov 1994.

The CZ-3B used the CZ-3A with 4 liquid boosters inherited from the CZ-2E. It then weighs 403 tons at takeoff and its capacity reaches 4.85 tons in GTO. It first launch failed in Feb 1996.

In 2015, the Yuanzheng-1 (YZ-1, "Expedition 1") restartable upper stage was introduced. It can send one or more payload into different orbits, using liquid propellant (can be restarted 20 times and carry as much as 10 satellites).


Fourth generation launchers: CZ-5, CZ-6, CZ-7, CZ-8


Chang Zheng 5 is 5m diameter and 860 tons. It can carry 25 tons in LEO. It is key to building the Chinese Space Station. The rocket is powered by a core stage equipped with two YF-77 engines running on LH2/LOX, the first high-thrust cryogenic engine developed in China. The stage is augmented by four strap-on boosters. Each of the boosters is equipped with two YF-100 engines derived from Russia's RD-120, which consume kerosene and LOX. The upper stage is propelled by a restartable YF-75D cryogenic engine.

Chang Zheng 6 is fuelled with liquid oxygen and kerosene (first 2 stages) and H2O2 and kerosene (3rd stage). It will be used to launch micro-satellites. It can lift 1080 kg to 700 km sun-synchronous orbit with the YZ-1 motor. Was developed by SAST (Shanghai Academy of Space Technology).

Chang Zheng 7 is a medium-sized rocket to carry upto 13.5 tons to LEO. 600 ton, 3.35m diameter.

CZ-5 and CZ-7 are launched from the Wenchan satellite launch center, located on the Hainan island, in the South China Sea. It is only at 19° North.

For Chang Zheng 8, the core-stage will be based on CZ-7 and CZ-3A rockets, the CZ-8 is expected to have two solid-propelled boosters with a diameter of 1.95 m

Chang Zheng 11 is a solid propellant rocket, which was developed by the China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology with the China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation. The rocket, which is equipped with a liquid-fuelled trim stage, will mainly be used for launching micro-satellites. The launcher is set to launch from sea in 2018.

CZ-1 launches


# Launch id Payload Launch date Type Status/Comment (orbit in perigee x apogee x inc. x period)
1, CZ-1 n/a R&D suborbital 10 Jan 1970    
2, CZ-1 70034 DFH 01 24 Apr 1970    
3, CZ-1 71018 DFH 02 3 Mar 1971    

Notes: All launches from Juiquan.

CZ-11 launches


# Launch id Payload Launch date Type Status/Comment (orbit in perigee x apogee x inc. x period)
1, CZ-11 15051 A: Pujian 1
B: Tianwang 1C
C: Tianwang 1B
D: Tianwang 1A
25 Sep 2015 at 01:21 UT    
2, CZ-11 16066 A: DFH 157 (Xpnav)
B: DFH 158 (Xaiaoxiang)
C: Lishui 1
KS-1Q (attached to LV)
CAS-2T (attached to LV)
9 Nov 2016 at 23:42 UT    
3, CZ-11 18008 A: DFH 176
B: DFH 177
C: DFH 178
D: Kipp
E: Jilin Lingqiao 1-07
F: Jilin Lingqiao 1-08
19 Jan 2018 at 04:12 UT    
4, CZ-11 18040 A: Zhuhai 1-04 (OHS-2A)
B: Zhuhai 1-03 (OVS-2A)
C: Zhuhai 1-05 (OHS-2B)
D: Zhuhai 1-06 (OHS-2C)
E: Zhuhai 1-07 (OHS-2D)
26 Apr 2018 at 04:42 UT    

Notes: All launches from Juiquan.

CZ-6 launches


# Launch id Payload Launch date Type Status/Comment (orbit in perigee x apogee x inc. x period)
1, CZ-6 15049 B: NUDT Phonesat
C: Zheda Pixing 2A
D: Zheda Pixing 2B
E: XiWang 2A
F: Kaituo 1A
G:
H: XiWang 2C
J: XiWang 2D
K: Lilacsat 2
L: XiWang 2E
M: XiWang 2F
N: XiWang 2B
P: DCBB
19 Sep 2015 at 23:01 UT   515 x 550 km sun-synchronous
2, CZ-6 17074 A: Jilin Lingqiao 1-04
B: Jilin Lingqiao 1-05
C: Jilin Lingqiao 1-06
21 Nov 2017 at 04:50 UT    

Notes: All launches from Juiquan.

CZ-5 launches


# Launch id Payload Launch date Type Status/Comment (orbit in perigee x apogee x inc. x period)
1 16065 DFH 156 3 Nov 2016 at 12:43 UT 5B YZ-2 upper stage
Inaugural launch
2, Y2 n/a DFH 169 2 Jul 2017 at 11:23 UT 5 Failure: payload left in low orbit, issues with first stage (turbine exhaust problem)

Notes: All launches from Wenchang, on Hainan island.

CZ-7 launches


# Launch id Payload Launch date Type Status/Comment (orbit in perigee x apogee x inc. x period)
1, CZ-7 16042 DFFC rentry module (2600 kg)
B: DFH 148 (AX 1)
F: DFH 149 (AL 1)
L: DFH 150 (Tiange 1)
M: DFH 151 (Tiange 2)
25 Jun 2016 at 12:00 UT   200 x 394 km
First launch from Wenchang
1, CZ-7 17021 Tianzhou 1 20 Apr 2017 at 11:41 UT   Payload is a cargo ship measuring 10.6 m lengthx 3.35m diameter, can contain 6 tons

Notes: All launches from Wenchang, on Hainan island.

CZ-2, 3 & 4 launches


# Launch id Payload Launch date Site Type Status/Comment (orbit in perigee x apogee x inc. x period)
1, CZ-2 n/a FSW 0 05 Nov 1974 Ji A? Failure: 1st stage control system failure
2, CZ-2 75111 FSW 0-1 26 Nov 1975 Ji C  
3, CZ-2 76116 FSW 0-2 07 Dec 1976 Ji C  
4, CZ-2 78011 FSW 0-3 26 Jan 1978 Ji C  
5, CZ-2 82090 FSW 0-4 09 Sep 1982 Ji C  
6, CZ-2 83086 FSW 0-5 19 Aug 1983 Ji C  
7, CZ-3 84008 STTW-T1 29 Jan 1984 Xi   Partial failure: 3rd stage failed to ignite
8, CZ-3 84035 STTW-T2 08 Apr 1984 Xi    
9, CZ-2 84098 FSW 0-6 12 Sep 1984 Ji C  
10, CZ-2 85096 FSW 0-7 21 Oct 1985 Ji C  
11, CZ-3 86010 STTW 1 01 Feb 1986 Xi    
12, CZ-2 86076 FSW 0-8 06 Oct 1986 Ji C  
13, CZ-2 87067 FSW 0-9 05 Aug 1987 Ji C  
14, CZ-2 87075 FSW 1-1 09 Sep 1987 Ji C  
15, CZ-3 88014 STTW 2 07 Mar 1988 Xi    
16, CZ-2 88067 FSW 1-2 05 Aug 1988 Ji C  
17, CZ-4 88080 FY 1-1 06 Sep 1988 Ty    
18, CZ-3 88111 STTW 3 22 Dec 1988 Xi    
19, CZ-3 90011 STTW 4 04 Feb 1990 Xi    
20, CZ-3 90030 Asiasat 1 07 Apr 1990 Xi    
21, CZ-2 90059 Badr A 16 Jul 1990 Xi E (PKM) Failed to place the Optus model in GTO
22, CZ-4 90081 A: FY 1-2
B: DFH 31
C: DFH 32
03 Sep 1990 Ty    
23, CZ-2 90089 FSW 1-3 05 Oct 1990 Ji C  
24, CZ-3 91088 STTW 5 28 Dec 1991 Xi   Partial failure: 3rd stage failed to ignite
25, CZ-2 92051 FSW 2-1 09 Aug 1992 Ji D  
26, CZ-2 92054 Optus B1 13 Aug 1992 Xi E (Star-63F)  
27, CZ-2 92064 A: Freja
B: FSW 1-4
06 Oct 1992 Ji C  
28, CZ-2 92090 Optus B2 21 Dec 1992 Xi E (Star-63F) Partial failure: payload fairing collapsed
29, CZ-2 93063 FSW 1-5 08 Oct 1993 Ji C  
30, CZ-3 94010 A: SJ 4
B: DFH 3-0
08 Feb 1994 Xi A  
31, CZ-2 94037 FSW 2-2 3 Jul 1994 Ji D  
32, CZ-3 94043 Apstar 1 21 Jul 1994 Xi    
33, CZ-2 94055 Optus B3 27 Aug 1994 Xi E (Star-63F)  
34, CZ-3 94080 DFH 3-1 29 Nov 1994 Xi A  
35, CZ-2 n/a Apstar 2 25 Jan 1995 Xi E (Star-63F) Failure: vehicle destroyed due to wind shear
36, CZ-2 95064 Asiasat 2 28 Nov 1995 Xi E (STPM-17)  
37, CZ-2 95073 Echostar 1 28 Dec 1995 Xi E (?)  
38, CZ-3 n/a Intelsat 708 14 Feb 1996 Xi B Failure: attitude control lost within seconds, due to an electrical failure
39, CZ-3 96039 Apstar 1A 03 Jul 1996 Xi   225 x 42184 km x 26.9°
40, CZ-3 96048 DFH 42 18 Aug 1996 at 10:27 UT Xi   Partial failure: 3rd stage shutdown 48s early
41, CZ-2 96059 FSW 2-3 20 Oct 1996 Ji D  
42, CZ-3 97021 DFH 44 11 May 1997 at 16:17 UT Xi A  
43, CZ-3 97029 DFH 45 10 Jun 1997 at 12:01 UT Xi   206 x 35987 km x 28.4°
44, CZ-3 97042 Mabuhay 1 19 Aug 1997 at 17:30 UT Xi B 170 x 44499 km x 24.6°
45, CZ-2 97048 2 Iridium MFS (Mass Frequency Simulators)
650 kg each
1 Sep 1997 at 14:00 UT Ty C First flight from Taiyan
with Smart Dispenser upper stage
46, CZ-3 97062 Apstar 2R 16 Oct 1997 at 17:13 UT Xi B 201 x 47922 km x 24.4°
47, CZ-2 97077 A: Iridium 42
B: Iridium 44
8 Dec 1997 at 07:16 UT Ty C-3/SD SD = Smart Dispenser
48, CZ-2 98018 A: Iridium 51
B: Iridium 61
25 Mar 1998 at 17:01 UT Ty C-3/SD  
49, CZ-2 98026 A: Iridium 69
B: Iridium 71
2 May 1998 Ty C-3/SD  
50, CZ-3 98034 Chinastar 1 30 May 1998 Xi B  
51, CZ-3 98044 Sinosat 1 18 Jul 1998 at 09:20 UT Xi B  
52, CZ-2 98048 A: Iridium 78
B: Iridium 76
19 Aug 1998 at 23:01 UT Ty C-3/SD  
53, CZ-2 98074 A: Iridium 88
B: Iridium 89
19 Dec 1998 at 11:30 UT Ty C-3/SD  
54, CZ-4 99025 A: FY 1C
B: DFH 48
10 May 1999 at 01:33 UT Ty 4B  
55, CZ-2 99032 A: Iridium 14A
B: Iridium 21A
11 Jun 1999 at 17:15 UT Ty C/SD  
56, CZ-4 99057 A: CBERS 1
B: SACI 1
14 Oct 1999 at 03:15 UT Ty 4B  
57, CZ-2 99061 Shenzhou 1 19 Nov 1999 at 22:43 UT Ji 2F  
58, CZ-3 00003 DFH 48 25 Jan 2000 at 16:45 UT Xi A  
59, CZ-3 00032 DFH 49 25 Jun 2000 at 11:50 UT Xi    
60, CZ-4 00050 DFH 50 1 Sep 2000 at 03:25 UT Ty 4B  
61, CZ-3 00069 DFH 51 30 Oct 2000 at 16:02 UT Xi 3A  
62, CZ-3 00082 DFH 52 21 Dec 2000 at 16:20 UT Xi 3A  
63, CZ-2 00101 Shenzhou 2 9 Jan 2001 at 17:00 UT Ji 2F First mission completed in winter, with temperature -13°C
64, CZ-2 02014 Shenzhou 3 25 Mar 2002 at 14:00 UT Ji 2F 197 x 326 km x 42.4°
65, CZ-4 02024 A: DFH 53
B: DFH 54
15 May 2002 at 01:50 UT Ty 4B  
66, CZ-4 02049 DFH 55 27 Oct 2002 at 03:17 UT Ty 4B  
67, CZ-2 02061 Shenzhou 4 29 Dec 2002 at 16:40 UT Ji 2F  
68, CZ-3 03021 DFH 56 24 May 2003 at 16:34 UT Xi 3A  
69, CZ-2 03045 Shenzhou 5 15 Oct 2003 at 01:00 UT Ji 2F First manned mission for China
70, CZ-4 03049 A: CBERS 2
B: Chuangxin 1
21 Oct 2003 at 03:16 UT Ty 4B  
71, CZ-2 03051 DFH 57 03 Nov 2003 at 07:20 UT Ji 2D  
72, CZ-3 03052 DFH 58 14 Nov 2003 at 16:01 UT Xi 3A 212 x 41981 km
73, CZ-2 03061 Tan Ce 1 29 Dec 2003 at 19:06 UT Xi 2C/SM 550 x 66000 km x 28.5°
Had an SM upper stage derived from the smart dispenser used for Iridium.
First 2C launch from Xichang.
74, CZ-2 04012 A: Tansuo 1
B: Nazing 1
18 Apr 2004 at 15:59 UT Xi 2C Polar orbit
75, CZ-2 04029 Tan Ce 2 25 Jul 2004 at 07:05 UT Xi 2C/SM 666 x 38566 km x 90.1°
76, CZ-2 04033 DFH 59 29 Aug 2004 at 07:50 UT Ji 2C  
77, CZ-4 04035 A: DFH 60
B: DFH 61
8 Sep 2004 at 23:14 UT Ty 4B  
78, CZ-2 04039 DFH 62 27 Sep 2004 Ji 2D  
79, CZ-3 04042 DFH 63 19 Oct 2004 at 01:20 UT Xi 3A  
80, CZ-4 04044 DFH 64 6 Nov 2004 at 03:10 UT Ty 4B  
81, CZ-3 05012 Apstar 6 12 Apr 2005 at 12:00 UT Xi 3B 209 x 49991 km x 26°
82, CZ-2 05024 DFH 65 5 Jul 2005 at 22:40 UT Ji 2D 547 x 570 km x 97.6°
First sun-synchronous launch from Jiuquan
83, CZ-2 05027 DFH 66 2 Aug 2005 at 07:30 UT Ji 2C  
84, CZ-2 05033 DFH 67 29 Aug 2005 Ji 2D  
85, CZ-2 05040 Shenzhou 6 12 Oct 2005 at 01:00 UT Ji 2F Second manned mission
198 x 344 km x 42.4°
86, CZ-4 06015 A: Yaogan 1
B: picosat
26 Apr 2006 at 22:48 UT Ty 4B a 1kg object was also launched with, microelectronics experiment
87, CZ-2 06035 DFH 68 9 Sep 2006 at 07:00 UT Ji 2C  
88, CZ-3 06038 DFH 69 12 Sep 2006 at 16:02 UT Xi 3A  
89, CZ-4 06046 A: DFH 70
B: DFH 71
23 Oct 2006 at 23:43 UT Ty 4B  
90, CZ-3 06048 Sinosat 2 28 Oct 2006 at 16:20 UT Xi 3C  
91, CZ-3 06053 DFH 72 08 Dec 2006 at 00:53 UT Xi 3A  
92, CZ-3 07003 DFH 73 03 Feb 2007 at 16:28 UT Xi 3A  
93, CZ-2 07010 DFH 74 11 Apr 2007 at 03:27 UT Ty 2C  
94, CZ-3 07011 DFH 75 13 Apr 2007 at 20:11 UT Xi 3A  
95, CZ-3 07018 Nigcomsat 1 13 May 2007 at 16:01 UT Xi 3B 200 x 41600 km x 25°
96, CZ-2 07019 Yaogan 2 25 May 2007 at 07:12 UT Ji 2D  
97, CZ-3 07021 Sinosat 3 31 May 2007 at 16:08 UT Xi 3A  
98, CZ-3 07031 Chinasat 6B 5 Jul 2007 at 12:08 UT Xi 3B  
99, CZ-4 07042 CBERS 2B 19 Sep 2007 at 03:26 UT Xi 4B  
100, CZ-3 07051 Chang'e 1 24 Oct 2007 at 10:05 UT Xi 3A Moon probe, non-earth orbit
101, CZ-4 07055 Yaogan 3 11 Nov 2007 at 22:48 UT Ty 4C  
102, CZ-3 08019 DFH 76 25 Apr 2008 at 22:16 UT Xi 3C  
103, CZ-4 08026 DFH 77 27 May 2008 at 03:02 UT Ty 4C  
104, CZ-3 08028 Chinasat 9 9 Jun 2008 at 12:15 UT Xi 3B  
105, CZ-2 08041 DFH 78
DFH 79
6 Sep 2008 at 03:25 UT Ty 2C  
106, CZ-2 08047 Shenzou 7
Bx 1 (unknown sub-satellite, 40 kg)
25 Sep 2008 at 13:10 UT Ji 2F Manned mission
200 x 344 km x 43°
107, CZ-4 08053 DFH 80
DFH 81
25 Oct 2008 at 00:15 UT Ty 4B  
108, CZ-3 08055 Venesat 1 29 Oct 2008 at 16:53 UT Xi 3B  
109, CZ-2 08056 A: DFH 82
B: Chuangxin 2
5 Nov 2008 at 00:15 UT Ji 2D  
110, CZ-2 08061 Yaogan 4 01 Dec 2008 at 04:42 UT Ji 2D  
111, CZ-4 08064 Yaogan 5 15 Dec 2008 at 03:22 UT Ty 4B  
112, CZ-3 08066 DFH 83 23 Dec 2008 at 00:54 UT Xi 3A  
113, CZ-3 09018 DFH 84 15 Apr 2009 at 16:16 UT Xi 3C  
114, CZ-2 09021 Yaogan 6 22 Apr 2009 at 02:55 UT Ty 2C  
115, CZ-3 09046 Palapa D 31 Aug 2009 at 09:28 UT Xi 3B Partial failure of the 3rd stage. Payload left in 225 x 21.160 km x 22°
116, CZ-2 09061 DFH 85 12 Nov 2009 at 02:45 UT Ji 2C  
117, CZ-2 09069 Yaogan 7 09 Dec 2009 at 08:42 UT Ty 2D  
118, CZ-4 09072 A: Yaogan 8
B: XiWang 1
15 Dec 2009 at 02:31 UT Ty 4C  
119, CZ-3 10001 DFH 86 16 Jan 2010 at 16:12 UT Xi 3C  
120, CZ-4 10009 A: Yaogan 9
B: Yaogan 9B
C: Yaogan 9C
5 Mar 2010 at 04:55 UT Ji 4C  
121, CZ-3 10024 DFH 87 2 Jun 2010 at 15:53 UT Xi 3C  
122, CZ-2 10027 DFH 88 15 Jun 2010 at 01:39 UT Ji 2D  
123, CZ-3 10036 DFH 89 31 Jul 2010 at 21:30 UT Xi 3A  
124, CZ-4 10038 Yaogan 10 9 Aug 2010 at 22:49 UT Ty 4C  
125, CZ-2 10040 DFH 90 24 Aug 2010 at 07:10 UT Ji 2D  
126, CZ-3 10042 Sinosat 6 04 Sep 2010 at 16:14 UT Xi 3B  
127, CZ-2 10047 A: Yaogan 11
B: Zheda Pixing 1A-1
C: Zheda Pixing 1A-2
22 Sep 2010 at 02:42 UT Ji 2D  
128, CZ-3 10050 Chang'e 2 2 Oct 2010 at 10:59 UT Xi 3C Moon probe, non-earth orbit
129, CZ-4 10051 A: DFH 91
B: DFH 92
6 Oct 2010 at 00:49 UT Ty 4B  
130, CZ-3 10057 DFH 93 31 Oct 2010 at 16:26 UT Xi 3C  
131, CZ-4 10059 DFH 94 5 Nov 2010 at 18:37 UT Ty 4C  
132, CZ-3 10064 DFH 95 24 Nov 2010 at 16:09 UT Xi 3A  
133, CZ-3 10068 DFH 96 17 Dec 2010 at 20:20 UT Xi 3A  
134, CZ-3 11013 DFH 97 9 Apr 2011 at 20:47 UT Xi 3A  
135, CZ-3 11026 Sinosat 5 20 Jun 2011 at 16:13 UT Xi 3B  
131, CZ-2 11030 DFH 98 6 Jul 2011 at 04:28 UT Ji 2C  
132, CZ-3 11032 DFH 99 11 Jul 2011 at 15:41 UT Xi 3C  
133, CZ-3 11038 DFH 100 26 Jul 2011 at 21:44 UT Xi 3A  
134, CZ-2 11039 DFH 101 29 Jul 2011 at 07:42 UT Ji 2C  
135, CZ-3 11042 Paksat 1R 11 Aug 2011 at 16:15 UT Xi 3B  
136, CZ-4 11043 DFH 102 15 Aug 2011 at 22:57 UT Ty 4B  
137, CZ-2 n/a DFH (Shijian 11-04) 18 Aug 2011 at 09:28 UT Jq 2C Failure: second stage did not ignite (failed connection between components)
138, CZ-3 11047 Chinasat 1A 18 Sep 2011 at 16:33 UT Xi 3B/E  
139, CZ-2 11052 Tiangong 1 29 Sep 2011 at 13:36 UT Ji 2FT1 8500 kg, 10.4 m x 3.35 m diameter, first manned module
140, CZ-3 11057 Eutelsat W3C 7 Oct 2011 at 08:20 UT Xi 3B/E  
141, CZ-3 11063 Shenzhou 8 31 Oct 2011 at 21:58 UT Ji 2F/H To rendezvous with Tiangong 1
142, CZ-4 11066 A: DFH 103
B: Yaogan 12
09 Nov 2011 at 03:21 UT Ty 4B  
143, CZ-2 11068 A: Chuangxin 3
B: DFH 104
20 Nov 2011 at 00:15 UT Ji 2D  
144, CZ-2 11072 Yaogan 13 30 Nov 2011 at 18:50 UT Ty 2C  
145, CZ-3 11073 DFH 105 2 Dec 2011 at 21:07 UT Xi 3A  
146, CZ-3 11077 Nigcomsat 1R 19 Dec 2011 at 16:41 UT Xi 3B  
147, CZ-4 11079 CBERS 2C 22 Dec 2011 at 03:26 UT Ty 4B  
148, CZ-4 12001 A: DFH 106
B: Vesselsat 2
9 Jan 2012 at 03:17 UT Ty 4B  
149, CZ-3 12002 DFH 107 13 Jan 2012 at 00:56 UT Xi 3A  
150, CZ-3 12008 DFH 108 24 Feb 2012 at 16:12 UT Xi 3C  
151, CZ-3 12013 Apstar 7 31 Mar 2012 at 10:27 UT Xi 3B/E  
152, CZ-3 12018 DFH 109
DFH 110
29 Apr 2012 at 20:50 UT Xi 3B  
153, CZ-2 12020 DFH 111 6 May 2012 at 07:10 UT Ji 2D  
154, CZ-4 12021 A: Yaogan 14
B: DFH 112
10 May 2012 at 07:06 UT Ty 4B  
155, CZ-3 12028 Chinasat 2A 26 May 2012 at 15:56 UT Xi 3B/E  
156, CZ-4 12029 Yaogan 15 29 May 2012 at 07:31 UT Ty 4C  
157, CZ-2 12032 Shenzhou 9 16 Jun 2012 at 10:37 UT Ji 2F  
158, CZ-3 12040 DFH 113 25 Jul 2012 at 15:43 UT Xi 3C  
159, CZ-3 12050 DFH 114
DFH 115
18 Sep 2012 at 18:30 UT Xi 3B/E  
160, CZ-2 12052 VRSS 1 30 Sep 2012 at 04:12 UT Ji 2D  
161, CZ-2 12056 DFH 116
DFH 117
13 Oct 2012 at 03:25 UT Ty 2C  
162, CZ-3 12059 DFH 118 25 Oct 2012 at 15:35 UT Xi 3C  
163, CZ-2 12064 A: DFH 119
B: DFH 120
C: DFH 121
18 Nov 2012 at 22:53 UT Ty 2C  
164, CZ-4 12066 Yaogan 16 25 Nov 2012 at 04:06 UT Ji 4C  
165, CZ-3 12067 Chinasat 12 27 Nov 2012 at 10:13 UT Xi 3B/E  
166, CZ-2 12073 Gokturk 2 18 Dec 2012 at 16:12 UT Ji 2D  
167, CZ-2 13018 A: Gaofen 1
B: Nee 01 Pegaso
C: Turksat 3USat
D: Cubebug 1
26 Apr 2013 at 04:13 UT Ji 2D  
168, CZ-3 13020 Chinasat 11 1 May 2013 at 16:06 UT Xi 3B/E  
169, CZ-2 13029 Shenzhou 10 11 Jun 2013 at 09:38 UT Ji 2F  
170, CZ-2 13035 DFH 122 15 Jul 2013 at 09:27 UT Ji 2C  
171, CZ-4 13037 A: DFH 123
B: DFH 124
C: Chuangxin 3A
19 Jul 2013 at 23:37 UT Ty 4C  
172, CZ-4 13046 Yaogan 17 1 Sep 2013 at 19:16 UT Ji 4C  
173, CZ-4 13052 DFH 125 23 Sep 2013 at 03:07 UT Ty 4C  
174, CZ-4 13058 DFH 127 25 Oct 2013 at 03:50 UT Ji 4B  
175, CZ-2 13059 Yaogan 18 29 Oct 2013 at 02:50 UT Ty 2C  
176, CZ-4 13065 Yaogan 19 20 Nov 2013 at 03:31 UT Ty 4C  
177, CZ-2 13068 DFH 128 25 Nov 2013 at 02:12 UT Ji 2D  
178, CZ-3 13070 Chang'e 3
Yutu rover
1 Dec 2013 at 17:30 UT Xi 3B lunar mission
179, CZ-4 n/a CBERS 3 9 Dec 2013 at 03:26 UT Ty 4B failure: 3rd stage failure (clogged fuel line)
180, CZ-3 13075 TKsat 1 20 Dec 2013 at 17:02 UT Xi 3B  
181, CZ-2 14014 DFH 129 31 Mar 2014 at 02:46 UT Ji 2C  
182, CZ-4 14047 Yaogan 20 9 Aug 2014 at 05:45 UT Ji 4C  
183, CZ-4 14049 A: Gaofen 2
B: CanX 3D
19 Aug 2014 at 03:15 UT Ty 4B  
184, CZ-2 14051 A: DFH 130
B: Chuangxin 4
4 Sep 2014 at 00:15 UT Ji 2D  
185, CZ-4 14053 A: Yaogan 21
B: DFH 131
8 Sep 2014 at 03:22 UT Ty 4B  
186, CZ-2 14059 DFH 132 28 Sep 2014 at 05:13 UT Ji 2C  
187, CZ-4 14063 Yaogan 22 20 Oct 2014 at 06:31 UT Ty 4C  
188, CZ-3 14065 A: Chang'e 5-T1
B: 4M (attached to upper-stage)
23 Oct 2014 at 17:59 UT Xi 3C/G2 lunar return module
4M owned by LuxSpace, carries a radio amateur beacon, first private mission around the Moon
189, CZ-2 14066 DFH 133 27 Oct 2014 at 06:59 UT Jy 2C  
190, CZ-2 14071 Yaogan 23 14 Nov 2014 at 18:53 UT Ty 2C  
191, CZ-2 14072 Yaogan 24 20 Nov 2014 at 07:12 UT Jy 2D  
192, CZ-4 14079 Cbers 4 7 Dec 2014 at 03:26 UT Ty 4B  
193, CZ-4 14080 Yaogan 25 10 Dec 2014 at 19:33 UT Ji 4C  
194, CZ-4 14088 Yaogan 26 27 Dec 2014 at 03:22 UT Ty 4B  
195, CZ-3 14090 DFH 135 31 Dec 2014 at 01:02 UT Xi 3A  
196, CZ-3 15019 DFH 136 30 Mar 2015 at 13:52 UT Xi 3C/YZ1 Carried the Yuanzheng 1 4th stage
197, CZ-4 15030 Gaofen 8 26 Jun 2015 at 06:22 UT Ty 4B  
198, CZ-3 15037 DFH 137
DFH 138
25 Jul 2015 at 12:29 UT Xi 3B/YZ1  
199, CZ-4 15040 Yaogan 27 27 Aug 2015 at 02:31 UT Ty 4C  
200, CZ-3 15046 DFH 139 12 Sep 2015 at 15:42 UT Xi 3B  
201, CZ-2 15047 Gaofen 9 14 Sep 2015 at 04:45 UT Ji 2D  
202, CZ-3 15053 DFH 140 29 Sep 2015 at 23:13 UT Xi 3B  
203, CZ-2 15057 A: Jilin Lqsat
B: Jilin Lingqiao 1-01
C: Jilin Lingqiao 1-02
D: Jilin 1
7 Oct 2015 at 04:13 UT Ji 2C 640 x 664 km x 98°
204, CZ-3 15059 Apstar 9 16 Oct 2015 at 16:16 UT Xi 3B  
205, CZ-2 15061 DFH 141 26 Oct 2015 at 07:10 UT Ji 2D  
206, CZ-3 15063 Chinasat 2C 3 Nov 2015 at 16:25 UT Xi 3B  
207, CZ-4 15064 Yaogan 28 8 Nov 2015 at 07:06 UT Ty 4B  
208, CZ-3 15067 Laosat 1 20 Nov 2015 at 16:07 UT Xi 3B/G2  
209, CZ-4 15069 Yaogan 29 26 Nov 2015 at 21:24 UT Ty 4C  
210, CZ-3 15073 Chinasat 1C 9 Dec 2015 at 16/46 UT Xi 3B/G2  
211, CZ-2 15078 DFH 142 17 Dec 2015 at 00:12 UT Ji 2D  
212, CZ-3 15083 Gaofen 4 28 Dec 2015 at 16:05 UT Xi 3B  
213, CZ-3 16001 Belintersat 1 15 Jan 2016 at 16:57 UT Xi 3B/G2  
214, CZ-3 16006 DFH 143 1 Feb 2016 at 07:29 UT Xi 3C/YZ1  
215, CZ-3 16021 DFH 144 29 Mar 2016 at 20:11 UT Xi 3A  
216, CZ-2 16023 DFH 145 6 Apr 2016 at 17:38 UT Ji 2D  
217, CZ-2 16029 Yaogan 30 15 May 2016 at 02:43 UT Ji 2D  
218, CZ-4 16033 A: DFH 146
B: Nusat 1
C: Nusat 2
30 May 2016 at 03:17 UT Ty 4B  
219, CZ-3 16037 DFH 147 12 Jun 2016 at 15:30 UT Xi 3C  
220, CZ-4 16043 DFH 152 29 Jun 2016 at 03:21 UT Ji 4B  
221, CZ-3 16048 DFH 153 5 Aug 2016 at 16:22 UT Xi 3B/G2  
222, CZ-4 16049 Gaofen 3 9 Aug 2016 at 22:55 UT Ty 4C  
223, CZ-2 16051 A: DFH 154
B: 3CAT 2
C: DFH 155
15 Aug 2016 at 17:40 UT Ji 2D  
224, CZ-4 n/a Gaofen 10 31 Aug 2016 Ty 4C Failure
224, CZ-2 16057 Tiangong 2 15 Sep 2016 at 14:00 UT Ji 2F 8.6 tons mini space station
380 km altitude
Released a secondary satellite
225, CZ-2 16061 Shenzhou 11 16 Oct 2016 at 23:30 UT Ji 2F 2 astronauts to mini space station
226, CZ-2 16068 Yunhai 1 11 Nov 2016 at 23:14 UT Ji 2D  
227, CZ-3 16072 DFH 159 22 Nov 2016 at 15:24 UT Xi 3C/G2  
228, CZ-3 16077 DFH 160 10 Dec 2016 at 16:11 UT Xi 3B  
229, CZ-2 16081 A: Tansat
B: DFH 163 (Yijian)
C: DFH 161 (Spark 1)
D: DFH 162 (Spark 2)
21 Dec 2016 at 15:22 UT Ji 2D  
230, CZ-2 16083 A: Superview 1-01
B: Superview 1-02
C: DFH 164 (BY70-1)
28 Dec 2016 at 03:23 UT Ty 2D Partial failure: satellites left in lower than expected orbit
231, CZ-3 17001 DFH 165 5 Jan 2017 at 15:18 UT Xi 3B  
232, CZ-3 17018 Chinasat 16 12 Apr 2017 at 11:04 UT Xi 3B/G2  
233, CZ-4 17034 A: Huiyan
B: Zhuhai 1-01
C: NuSat 3
D: Zhuhai 1-02
15 Jun 2017 at 03:00 UT Ji 4B  
234, CZ-3 17035 Sinosat 4 18 Jun 2017 at 16:11 UT Xi 3B Partial failure: satellite left in wrong orbit, probably a 3rd stage failure
193 x 16357 km x 25°
235, CZ-2 17058 Yaogan 30-01 (3 satellites) 29 Sep 2017 at 04:20 UT Xi 2C  
236, CZ-2 17060 VRSS 2 9 Oct 2017 at 04:13 UT Ji 2D  
237, CZ-3 17069 A: DFH 170
B: DFH 171
5 Nov 2017 at 11:45 UT Xi 3B  
238, CZ-4 17072 A: DFH 172
B: DFH 173
14 Nov 2017 at 18:35 UT Ty 4C  
239, CZ-2 17075 Yaogan 30-02 (3 satellites) 24 Nov 2017 at 18:10 UT Xi 2C  
240, CZ-2 17077 LKW 1 3 Dec 2017 at 04:11 UT Ji 2D  
241, CZ-3 17078 Alcomsat 1 10 Dec 2017 at 16:40 UT Xi 3B 200 x 41991 km x 26.4°
242, CZ-2 17084 LKW 2 23 Dec 2017 at 04:14 UT Ji 2D  
243, CZ-2 17085 Yaogan 30-03 (3 satellites) 25 Dec 2017 at 19:44 UT Xi 2C  
244, CZ-2 18002 A: Superview 1-03
B: Superview 1-04
09 Jan 2018 at 03:24 UT Ty 2D  
245, CZ-3 18003 A: DFH 174
B: DFH 175
11 Jan 2018 at 23:18 UT Xi 3B  
246, CZ-2 18006 LKW 3 13 Jan 2018 at 07:10 UT Ji 2D  
247, CZ-2 18011 A: DFH 179
BCD: Yaogan 30-04 (3 satellites)
25 Jan 2018 at 05:39 UT Xi 2C  
248, CZ-2 18015 A: DFH 180
C: Zhang Heng 1
D: Nusat 4
E: Gomx 4B
F: Gomx 4A
H: DFH 181
K: Nusat 5
2 Feb 2018 at 07:51 UT Ji 2D  
249, CZ-3 18018 A: DFH 182
B: DFH 183
12 Feb 2018 at 05:03 UT Xi 3B  
250, CZ-2 18025 LKW 4 17 Mar 2018 at 07:10 UT Ji 2D  
251, CZ-3 18029 A: DFH 184
B: DFH 185
29 Mar 2018 at 17:56 UT Xi 3B  
252, CZ-4 18031 A: Gaofen 1-02
B: Gaofen 1-03
D: Gaofen 1-04
31 Mar 2018 at 03:22 UT Ty 4C  
253, CZ-4 18034 Yaogan 31-01 (3 satellites)
D: DFH 186
10 Apr 2018 at 04:25 UT Ji 4C  
254, CZ-3 18041 Apstar 6C 3 May 2018 at 16:06 UT Xi 3B  
255, CZ-4 18043 Gaofen 5 8 May 2018 at 18:28 UT Ty 4C  
256, CZ-4 18045 A: DFH 187
B: DFH 188
C: DFH 189
20 May 2018 at 21:28 UT Xi 4C Earth-Moon transfer orbit
257, CZ-2 18048 A: Gaofen 6
B: DFH 190
2 Jun 2018 at 04:13 UT Ji 2D  
258, CZ-3 18050 DFH 191 5 Jun 2018 at 13:07 UT Xi 3A  
259, CZ-2 18054 A: DFH 192
B: DFH 193
27 Jun 2018 at 03:30 UT Xi 2C  
260, CZ-2 18056 A: PakTES 1A
B: PRSS 1
9 Jul 2018 at 03:56 UT Ji 2C SMA solid upper stage motor
261, CZ-3 18057 DFH 194 9 Jul 2018 at 20:58 UT Ji 3A  
262, CZ-3 18062 A: DFH 195
B: DFH 196
29 Jul 2018 at 01:40 UT Xi 3B  
263, CZ-4 18063 Gaofen 11 31 Jul 2018 at 03:00 UT Ty 4B  
264, CZ-3 18067 A: DFH 197
B: DFH 198
24 Aug 2018 at 23:52 UT Xi 3B  
265, CZ-2 18068 DFH 199 7 Sep 2018 at 03:15 UT Ty 2C  
266, CZ-3 18072 A: DFH 200
B: DFH 201
19 Sep 2018 at 14:07 UT Xi 3B  
267, CZ-2 18077 Yaogan 32-01 A B 10 Oct 2018 at 04:43 UT Ji 2C First use of the YZ-1S upper stage
268, CZ-3 18078 A: DFH 203
B: DFH 204
15 Oct 2018 at 04:23 UT Xi 3B  
269, CZ-4 18081 DFH 205 24 Oct 2018 at 22:57 UT Ty 4B  
270, CZ-2 18083 A: CFOsat
E: CubeBel 1
TY1-02 TY1-03 TY4-01 TY4-02
Tianqi 1
+ unknown
29 Oct 2018 at 00:43 UT Ji 2C  
271, CZ-3 18085 DFH 206 2 Nov 2018 at 15:57 UT Xi 3B/G2  
272, CZ-3 18093 A: DFH 207
B: DFH 208
18 Nov 2018 Xi 3B  
273, CZ-2 18094 A: Tansuo 6
Tianping 1A
Tianping 1B
Jiading 1 (test for Xiangyun)
Tianzhi 1
19 Nov 2018 at 23:40 UT Ji 2D  

Notes: Launch sites: Xi = Xichang, Ji = Jiuquan, Ty = Taiyuan, WE = Wenchang

FB-1 launches


# Launch id Payload Launch date Type Status/Comment (orbit in perigee x apogee x inc. x period)
1, FB-1 n/a R&D suborbital 10 Aug 1972    
2, FB-1 n/a JSSW? 18 Sep 1973   Failure
3, FB-1 n/a JSSW? 14 Jul 1974   Failure: 2nd stage engine lost thrust
4, FB-1 75070 JSSW 1 26 Jul 1975    
5, FB-1 75119 JSSW 2 16 Dec 1975    
6, FB-1 76087 JSSW 3 30 Aug 1976    
7, FB-1 n/a JSSW? 10 Nov 1976   Failure
8, FB-1 n/a (suborbital) 14 Sep 1977    
9, FB-1 n/a (suborbital) 16 Apr 1978    
10, FB-1 n/a SJ? 27 Jul 1979   Failure: 2nd stage thrusters failure
11, FB-1 81093 A: SJ 2
B: SJ 3A
C: SJ 3B
19 Sep 1981    

*Notes: All launches from Juiquan.

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