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Proton

by Jean-Jacques Serra
listing by Gunter Krebs

The first activity of the Chelomei OKB-52 located at Reoutov near Moscow was navy missiles manufacturing. In 1959 it started producing the solid propulsion UR-96 ABM and the UR-100 (SS-11 Sego) ICBM with stockable liquid propellant. The Miassichtchev OKB-23 and the Latvotchkin OKB-301 were joined to it in 1960 and 1962 respectively.


First generation Proton

Chelomei started developping the heavy launcher UR-500 (SL-9/D) in 1961. The production started in 1962 in the Khrounitchev factory in Fili.

The first stage had a bundle structure like the US Saturn 1: 6 UDMH tanks of about 1.8 m diameter surrounder a 4.1 m diameter NTO tank. It was powered by 6 adjustable RD-253 motors (Glouchko, NPO Energomash) of 1460 kN thrust at ground level each (SI : 317 s, 1635 kN in vacuum). The thrust of the current version of those motors (modified in 1986) is 1475 kN at ground level and 1745 kN in vacuum.

The second stage of 4.15 m diameter features a bloc of 4 RD-0210 motors (Kosberg, KB Khimautomatiki) consuming the same propellant. Each motor provided 583 kN thrust (Specific Impulsion: 327 s) during 210 seconds.

The UR-500 rocket (8K82) was 38.7 m high, weighed 562 tons and could place 12.5 tons payload on low Earth orbit. It was fired four times from Tyouratam (Baikonur): 2 in 1965 and 2 in 1966 and resulted in 3 successes ( Proton).


Four stages Proton (D1e / SL12)

The 4-stage RU-500K was originally developped to flyby the Moon with a manned capsule. Therefore the UR-500 was equipped with 2 upper stages resulting in a 690 tons and 58 meters rocket.

The third stage (Chelomei, KB Saliout) had the same diameter as the second. It was propulsed by a single 4-vernier RD-0210 motor. Its thrust was 630 kN during 250 seconds.

The Block-D fourth stage (Korolev, NPO Energia) was derived from the Korolev's N1 lunar launcher where it was the fith stage. It consumed oxygen and kerosene with a integrated-flux motor. The latter was refirable and provided 85 kN thrust (SI = 352 s) during 600 seconds. This stage was used until 1976 for interplanetary probes. From 1974 on , a modified version called Block-DM was introduced for GEO launched, then followed by a DM2 version in 1982 and and DM3 in 1996.
Nowadays it seems the motor is RD-58

The 8K82K launcher introduced in 1967 was used for:
- lunar probes (Zond, Luna, up to 5.7 tons) and interplanetary probes (up to 4.6 tons to Mars and 5.3 tons to Venus)
- geostationary telecommunication satellites ( Raduga, Ekran, Gorizont and then Luch, Gals, Express), meteorological satellite (Electro) and early warning satellite (in the Cosmos series) up to 2.4 tons.


Three stages Proton (SL13/D1)

The Proton launcher was also used in a 3-stage version to orbit payloads up to 21 tons (LEO at 200 km, 51.6° inclination)

After it's first flight in 1968 to orbit Proton 4, this version launched:
- the space stations of the manned programs (Saliout, Mir) and derived (Almaz)
- TKS type vessels (Cosmos Merkur, Kvant, Kristall, etc...)

Note: a modernized version named Proton M is announced for 1996-97. It should have new guidance systems and enhanced 2nd and 3rd stage motors. A cryogenic 4th stage is planned, so as a 5th stage derived from the Rokot Briz.

The Proton launcher is marketed by International Launch Services (ILS)

In 2018 ILS announced the launch of Proton Medium: a 2-stage version to launch satellites in the 3.5 to 6 tons range. Two payload fairings: 4.35 and 5.2 meter

The Proton rocket program should be ended in 2025


Proton launches


# Launch id Payload Launch date Type Status (orbit in perigee x apogee x inc. x period)
1 65054 Proton 1 16 Jul 1965    
2 65087 Proton 2 2 Nov 1965    
3 n/a Proton (3a) 24 Mar 1966   Failure
4 66060 Proton 3 6 Jul 1966    
5 67021 Cosmos 146 [L1 2] 10 Mar 1967 K Block-D Partial failure: Stage 4 failed
6 67032 Cosmos 154 [L1 3] 8 Apr 1967 K Block-D Partial failure: Stage 4 failed
7 n/a Zond (4a) [L1 4] 28 Sep 1967 K Block-D Failure: Stage 1 failed
8 n/a Zond (4b) [L1 5] 21 Nov 1967 K Block-D Failure: Stage 2 failed
9 68013 Zond 4 [L1 6] 2 Mar 1968 K Block-D  
10 n/a Zond (5a) [L1 7] 22 Apr 1968 K Block-D Failure: Stage 2 failed at max Q
11 68076 Zond 5 [L1 9] 14 Sep 1968 K Block-D  
12 68101 Zond 6 [L1 10] 10 Nov 1968 K Block-D  
13 68103 Proton 4 16 Nov 1968 K  
14 n/a Zond (7a) [L1 11] 19 Jan 1969 K Block-D Failure
15 n/a Luna (15a) (Lunokhod [1]) 19 Feb 1969 K Block-D Failure
16 n/a Mars (2b) 27 Mar 1969 K Block-D Failure
17 n/a Mars (2c) 2 Apr 1969 K Block-D Failure
18 n/a Luna (15b) 14 Apr 1969 K Block-D Failure
19 n/a Luna (15c) 4 Jun 1969 K Block-D Failure
20 69058 Luna 15 13 Jul 1969 K Block-D  
21 69067 Zond 7 [L1 12] 7 Aug 1969 K Block-D  
22 68080 Cosmos 300 [Luna (16a)] 23 Sep 1969 K Block-D Partial failure: Stage 4 failed
23 69092 Cosmos 305 [Luna (16b)] 22 Oct 1969 K Block-D Partial failure: Stage 4 failed
24 n/a Cosmos (311) [L1E 1, T1K #1] 16 Nov 1969 K Block-D Failure
25 n/a Cosmos (323) 6 Feb 1970 K Block-D Failure
26 n/a (?) 8 Aug 1970 K Failure
27 70072 Luna 16 12 Sep 1970 K Block-D  
28 70088 Zond 8 [L1 13] 20 Oct 1970 K Block-D  
29 70095 Luna 17 (Lunokhod 1) 10 Nov 1970 K Block-D  
30 70103 Cosmos 382 [L1E 2, T1K #2] 2 Dec 1970 K Block-D  
31 71032 Salyut 1 [DOS 1] 19 Apr 1971 K  
32 71042 Cosmos 419 [Mars (2d)] 10 May 1971 K Block-D Partial failure: Stage 4 failed to ignite due to timer programming error
33 71045 Mars 2 19 May 1971 K Block-D  
34 71049 Mars 3 28 May 1971 K Block-D  
35 71073 Luna 18 2 Sep 1971 K Block-D  
36 71082 Luna 19 28 Sep 1971 K Block-D  
37 72007 Luna 20 14 Feb 1972 K Block-D  
38 n/a Salyut (2) [DOS 2] 29 Jul 1972 K Failure: Stage 2 lost controll after 162 sec
39 73001 Luna 21 (Lunokhod 2) 8 Jan 1973 K Block-D  
40 73017 Salyut 2 [OPS 1] 3 Apr 1973 K  
41 73026 Cosmos 557 [Salyut (3), DOS 3] 11 May 1973 K  
42 73047 Mars 4 21 Jul 1973 K Block-D  
43 73049 Mars 5 25 Jul 1973 K Block-D  
44 73052 Mars 6 5 Aug 1973 K Block-D  
45 73053 Mars 7 9 Aug 1973 K Block-D  
46 74017 Cosmos 0637 26 Mar 1974 K Block-DM  
47 74037 Luna 22 29 May 1974 K Block-D  
48 74046 Salyut 3 [OPS 2] 24 Jun 1974 K  
49 74060 Molniya 1-S 29 Jul 1974 K Block-DM  
50 74084 Luna 23 28 Oct 1974 K Block-D  
51 74104 Salyut 4 [DOS 4] 26 Dec 1974 K  
52 75050 Venera 9 8 Jun 1975 K Block-D  
53 75054 Venera 10 14 Jun 1975 K Block-D  
54 75097 Cosmos 0775 8 Oct 1975 K Block-DM  
55 n/a Luna (24a) 16 Oct 1975 K Block-D Failure
56 75123 Raduga 01 22 Dec 1975 K Block-DM  
57 76057 Salyut 5 [OPS 3] 22 Jun 1976 K  
58 76081 Luna 24 9 Aug 1976 K Block-D  
59 76092 Raduga 02 11 Sep 1976 K Block-DM  
60 76107 Ekran 01 26 Oct 1976 K Block-DM  
61 76121 Cosmos 881
Cosmos 882
[Merkur #1, #2]
15 Dec 1976 K  
62 77066 Cosmos 929 [TKS Merkur #1] 17 Jun 1977 K  
63 77071 Raduga 03 23 Jul 1977 K Block-DM  
64 77077 Cosmos (937)
Cosmos (938)
[Merkur #3, #4]
4 Aug 1977 K Failure
65 77092 Ekran 02 20 Sep 1977 K Block-DM  
66 77097 Salyut 6 [DOS 5] 29 Sep 1977 K  
67 78032 Cosmos 997
Cosmos 998
[Merkur #5, #6]
30 Mar 1978 K  
68 n/a Ekran (3a) 27 May 1978 K Block-DM Failure
69 78073 Raduga 04 18 Jul 1978 K Block-DM  
70 n/a Ekran (3b) 17 Aug 1978 K Block-DM Failure
71 78084 Venera 11 9 Sep 1978 K Block-DM  
72 78086 Venera 12 14 Sep 1978 K Block-DM  
73 n/a Ekran (3c) 17 Oct 1978 K Block-DM Failure
74 78118 Gorizont 01 19 Dec 1978 K Block-DM Partial failure: Stage 4 failed to reignite
75 n/a Cosmos (1070) / Cosmos (1071) [Merkur #7, #8] 5 Jan 1979 K Failure
76 79015 Ekran 03 21 Feb 1979 K Block-DM  
77 79035 Raduga 05 25 Apr 1979 K Block-DM  
78 79042 Cosmos 1100 / Cosmos 1101 [Merkur #9, #10] 22 May 1979 K  
79 79062 Gorizont 02 5 Jul 1979 K Block-DM  
80 79087 Ekran 04 3 Oct 1979 K Block-DM  
81 79105 Gorizont 03 28 Dec 1979 K Block-DM  
82 80016 Raduga 06 20 Feb 1980 K Block-DM  
83 80049 Gorizont 04 14 Jun 1980 K Block-DM  
84 80060 Ekran 05 15 Jul 1980 K Block-DM  
85 80081 Raduga 07 5 Oct 1980 K Block-DM  
86 80104 Ekran 06 26 Dec 1980 K Block-DM  
87 81027 Raduga 08 18 Mar 1981 K Block-DM  
88 81039 Cosmos 1267 25 Apr 1981 K  
89 81061 Ekran 07 26 Jun 1981 K Block-DM  
90 81069 Raduga 09 30 Jul 1981 K Block-DM  
91 81102 Raduga 10 9 Oct 1981 K Block-DM  
92 81106 Venera 13 30 Oct 1981 K Block-DM  
93 81110 Venera 14 4 Nov 1981 K Block-DM  
94 82009 Ekran 08 5 Feb 1982 K Block-DM  
95 82020 Gorizont 05 15 Mar 1982 K Block-DM  
96 82033 Salyut 7 [DOS 6] 19 Apr 1982 K  
97 82044 Cosmos 1366 17 May 1982 K Block-DM  
98 n/a Ekran (9a) 23 Jul 1982 K Block-DM Failure
99 82093 Ekran 09 16 Sep 1982 K Block-DM  
100 82100 Cosmos 1414 [Uragan #1]/Cosmos 1413,1415[Dummy] 12 Oct 1982 K Block-DM2  
101 82103 Gorizont 06 20 Oct 1982 K Block-DM2  
102 82113 Raduga 11 26 Nov 1982 K Block-DM2  
103 n/a Raduga (12a) 24 Dec 1982 K Block-DM2 Failure
104 83013 Cosmos 1443 2 Mar 1983 K  
105 83016 Ekran 10 12 Mar 1983 K Block-DM2  
106 83020 Astron 23 Mar 1983 K Block-DM2  
107 83028 Raduga 12 8 Apr 1983 K Block-DM2  
108 83053 Venera 15 2 Jun 1983 K Block-DM2  
109 83054 Venera 16 7 Jun 1983 K Block-DM2  
110 83066 Gorizont 07 1 Jul 1983 K Block-DM2  
111 83084 Cosmos 1490-1491 [Uragan #2,3]/Cosmos 1492[Dummy] 10 Aug 1983 K Block-DM2  
112 83088 Raduga 13 25 Aug 1983 K Block-DM2  
113 83100 Ekran 11 29 Sep 1983 K Block-DM2  
114 83118 Gorizont 08 30 Nov 1983 K Block-DM2  
115 83127 Cosmos 1519-1520 [Uragan #4,5]/Cosmos 1521[Dummy] 29 Dec 1983 K Block-DM2  
116 84016 Raduga 14 15 Feb 1984 K Block-DM2  
117 84022 Cosmos 1540 2 Mar 1984 K Block-DM2  
118 84028 Ekran 12 16 Mar 1984 K Block-DM2  
119 84031 Cosmos 1546 29 Mar 1984 K Block-DM2  
120 84041 Gorizont 09 22 Apr 1984 K Block-DM2  
121 84047 Cosmos 1554-1555 [Uragan #6,7]/Cosmos 1556[Dummy] 19 May 1984 K Block-DM2  
122 84063 Raduga 15 22 Jun 1984 K Block-DM2  
123 84078 Gorizont 10 1 Aug 1984 K Block-DM2  
124 84090 Ekran 13 24 Aug 1984 K Block-DM2  
125 84095 Cosmos 1593,1595 [Uragan #8,9]/Cosmos 1594[Dummy] 4 Sep 1984 K Block-DM2  
126 84106 Cosmos 1603 [ Tselina-2 #1] 28 Sep 1984 K Block-DM2  
127 84125 Vega 1 15 Dec 1984 K Block-DM2  
128 84128 Vega 2 21 Dec 1984 K Block-DM2  
129 85007 Gorizont 11 18 Jan 1985 K Block-DM2  
130 85016 Cosmos 1629 21 Feb 1985 K Block-DM2  
131 85024 Ekran 14 22 Mar 1985 K Block-DM2  
132 85037 Cosmos 1650-1651 [Uragan #10-11]/Cosmos-1652[Dummy] 17 May 1985 K Block-DM2  
133 85042 Cosmos 1656 [ Tselina-2 #2] 30 May 1985 K Block-DM2  
134 85070 Raduga 16 8 Aug 1985 K Block-DM2  
135 85086 Cosmos 1686 [TKS Merkur #4] 27 Sep 1985 K  
136 85102 Cosmos 1700 [Luch #1, Altair #1] 25 Oct 1985 K Block-DM2  
137 85107 Raduga 17 15 Nov 1985 K Block-DM2  
138 85118 Cosmos 1710-1711 [Uragan #12-13]/Cosmos-1712[Dummy] 24 Dec 1985 K Block-DM2  
139 86007 Raduga 18 17 Jan 1986 K Block-DM2  
140 86017 Mir 1 [DOS 7] 19 Feb 1986 K  
141 86027 Cosmos 1738 4 Apr 1986 K Block-DM2  
142 86038 Ekran 15 24 May 1986 K Block-DM2  
143 86044 Gorizont 12 10 Jun 1986 K Block-DM2  
144 86071 Cosmos 1778-1780 [Uragan #14-16] 16 Sep 1986 K Block-DM2  
145 86082 Raduga 19 25 Oct 1986 K Block-DM2  
146 86090 Gorizont 13 18 Nov 1986 K Block-DM2  
147 87002 Cosmos [1811] [Almaz-T #1] 29 Dec 1986 K Failure
148 87010 Cosmos 1817 <Geosynch Failure> 30 Jan 1987 K Block-DM2 Partial failure: Stage 4 failed
149 87028 Raduga 20 19 Mar 1987 K Block-DM2  
150 87030 Kvant 1 31 Mar 1987 K  
151 87036 Cosmos 1838-1840 [Uragan #17-19] 24 Apr 1987 K Block-DM2 Partial failure: Stage 4 failed to reignite
152 87040 Gorizont 14 11 May 1987 K Block-DM2  
153 87064 Cosmos 1870 25 Jul 1987 K  
154 87073 Ekran 16 3 Sep 1987 K Block-DM2  
155 87079 Cosmos 1883-1885 [Uragan #20-22] 16 Sep 1987 K Block-DM2  
156 87084 Cosmos 1888 1 Oct 1987 K Block-DM2  
157 87091 Cosmos 1894 28 Oct 1987 K Block-DM2  
158 87096 Cosmos 1897 26 Nov 1987 K Block-DM2  
159 87100 Raduga 21 10 Dec 1987 K Block-DM2  
160 87109 Ekran 17 27 Dec 1987 K Block-DM2  
161 n/a Gorizont [15] 18 Jan 1988 K Block-DM2 Failure: Stage 3 failed
162 88009 Cosmos 1917-1919 [Uragan #23-25] 17 Feb 1988 K Block-DM2 Partial failure: Stage 4 failed
163 88028 Gorizont 15 31 Mar 1988 K Block-DM2  
164 88034 Cosmos 1940 [Prognoz #1] 26 Apr 1988 K Block-DM2  
165 88036 Ekran 18 6 May 1988 K Block-DM2  
166 88043 Cosmos 1946-1948 [Uragan #26-28] 21 May 1988 K Block-DM2  
167 88058 Fobos 1 7 Jul 1988 K Block-DM2  
168 88059 Fobos 2 12 Jul 1988 K Block-DM2  
169 88066 Cosmos 1961 1 Aug 1988 K Block-DM2  
170 88071 Gorizont 16 18 Aug 1988 K Block-DM2  
171 88085 Cosmos 1970
Cosmos 1971
Cosmos 1972
16 Sep 1988 K Block-DM2  
172 88095 Raduga 22 20 Oct 1988 K Block-DM2  
173 88108 Ekran 19 10 Dec 1988 K Block-DM2  
174 89001 Cosmos 1987
Cosmos 1988
Cosmos 1989
10 Jan 1989 K Block-DM2  
175 89004 Gorizont 17 26 Jan 1989 K Block-DM2  
176 89030 Raduga 23 14 Apr 1989 K Block-DM2  
177 89039 Cosmos 2022
Cosmos 2023
Cosmos 2024
31 May 1989 K Block-DM2  
178 89048 Raduga 1-1 21 Jun 1989 K Block-DM2  
179 89052 Gorizont 18 5 Jul 1989 K Block-DM2  
180 89081 Gorizont 19 28 Sep 1989 K Block-DM2  
181 89093 Kvant 2 26 Nov 1989 K  
182 89096 Granat 1 Dec 1989 K Block-DM2  
183 89098 Raduga 24 15 Dec 1989 K Block-DM2  
184 89101 Cosmos 2054 27 Dec 1989 K Block-DM2  
185 90016 Raduga 25 15 Feb 1990 K Block-DM2  
186 90045 Cosmos 2079
Cosmos 2080
Cosmos 2081
19 May 1990 K Block-DM2  
187 90048 Kristall 31 May 1990 K  
188 90054 Gorizont 20 20 Jun 1990 K Block-DM2  
189 90061 Cosmos 2085 18 Jul 1990 K Block-DM2  
190   ? 9 Aug 1990 K Block-DM2 Failure: Stage 2 failed due to forgotten rag in a fuel line
191 90094 Gorizont 21 3 Nov 1990 K Block-DM2  
192 90102 Gorizont 22 23 Nov 1990 K Block-DM2  
193 90110 Cosmos 2109
Cosmos 2110
Cosmos 2111
8 Dec 1990 K Block-DM2  
194 90112 Raduga 26 20 Dec 1990 K Block-DM2  
195 90116 Raduga 1-2 27 Dec 1990 K Block-DM2  
196 91010 Cosmos 2133 14 Feb 1991 K Block-DM2  
197 91014 Raduga 27 28 Feb 1991 K Block-DM2  
198 91024 Almaz 1 [Almaz-T #3] 31 Mar 1991 K  
199 91025 Cosmos 2139
Cosmos 2140
Cosmos 2141
4 Apr 1991 K Block-DM2  
200 91046 Gorizont 23 2 Jul 1991 K Block-DM2  
201 91064 Cosmos 2155 13 Sep 1991 K Block-DM2  
202 91074 Gorizont 24 23 Oct 1991 K Block-DM2  
203 91079 Cosmos 2172 22 Nov 1991 K Block-DM2  
204 91087 Raduga 28 19 Dec 1991 K Block-DM2  
205 92005 Cosmos 2177
Cosmos 2178
Cosmos 2179
29 Jan 1992 K Block-DM2  
206 92017 Gorizont 25 2 Apr 1992 K Block-DM2  
207 92043 Gorizont 26 14 Jul 1992 K Block-DM2  
208 92047 Cosmos 2204
Cosmos 2205
Cosmos 2206
29 Jul 1992 K Block-DM2  
209 92059 Cosmos 2209 10 Sep 1992 K Block-DM2  
210 92074 Ekran 20 30 Oct 1992 K Block-DM2  
211 92082 Gorizont 27 27 Nov 1992 K Block-DM2  
212 92088 Cosmos 2224 17 Dec 1992 K Block-DM2  
213 93010 Cosmos 2234
Cosmos 2235
Cosmos 2236
17 Feb 1993 K Block-DM2  
214 93013 Raduga 29 25 Mar 1993 K Block-DM2  
215 n/a Gorizont #39 27 May 1993 K Block-DM2 Failure: Stage 2 failed because contaminated UDMH destroyed an engine
216 93062 Raduga 30 30 Sep 1993 K Block-DM2  
217 93069 Gorizont 28 28 Oct 1993 K Block-DM2  
218 93072 Gorizont 29 18 Nov 1993 K Block-DM2  
219 94002 Gals 1 20 Jan 1994 K Block-DM2M  
220 94008 Raduga 1-3 5 Feb 1994 K Block-DM2  
221 94012 Raduga 31 18 Feb 1994 K Block-DM2  
222 94021 Cosmos 2275
Cosmos 2276
Cosmos 2277
11 Apr 1994 K Block-DM2  
223 94030 Gorizont 30 20 May 1994 K Block-DM2  
224 94038 Cosmos 2282 6 Jul 1994 K Block-DM2  
225 94050 Cosmos 2287
Cosmos 2288
Cosmos 2289
11 Aug 1994 K Block-DM2  
226 94060 Cosmos 2291 21 Sep 1994 K Block-DM2  
227 94067 Express 1 13 Oct 1994 K Block-DM2M  
228 94069 Electro 1 31 Oct 1994 K Block-DM2M  
229 94076 Cosmos 2294
Cosmos 2295
Cosmos 2296
20 Nov 1994 K Block-DM2  
230 94082 Luch 0 16 Dec 1994 K Block-DM2  
231 94087 Raduga 32 28 Dec 1994 K Block-DM2  
232 95009 Cosmos 2307
Cosmos 2308
Cosmos 2309
7 Mar 1995 K Block-DM2  
233 95024 Spektr 20 May 1995 K  
234 95037 Cosmos 2316
Cosmos 2317
Cosmos 2318
24 Jul 1995 K Block-DM2  
235 95045 Cosmos 2319 30 Aug 1995 K Block-DM2  
236 95054 Luch 1 11 Oct 1995 K Block-DM2M  
237 95063 Gals 2 17 Nov 1995 K Block-DM2  
238 95068 Cosmos 2323
Cosmos 2324
Cosmos 2325
14 Dec 1995 ?  
239 96005 Gorizont 31 25 Jan 1996 K Block-DM2  
240 96010 Raduga 33 19 Feb 1996 K Block-DM2  
241 96021 Astra 1F 8 Apr 1996 at 23:09 UT K Block-DM3C modified DM with less mass and SAAB adapter
242 96023 Priroda 23 Apr 1996 K  
243 96022 Gorizont 32 25 May 1996 K Block-DM2  
244 96053 Inmarsat 3F2 6 Sep 1996 at 17:37 UT K Block-DM1C single burn for GEO injection
245 96058 Express 2 26 Sep 1996 at 17:51 UT K Block-DM2M  
246 96064 Mars 96 16 Nov 1996 K Block-D2  
247 97026 Telstar 5 24 May 1997 at 17.00 UT K Block-DM4C  
248 97028 Cosmos 2344 6 Jun 1997 at 17:57 UT K Block-DM5  
249 97030 A: Iridium 14
B: Iridium 12
C: Iridium 10
D: Iridium 09
E: Iridium 13
F: Iridium 16
G: Iridium 11
18 Jun 1997 at 14:02 UT K Block-DM2C  
250 97041 Cosmos 2345 14 Aug 1997 at 20:49 UT K Block-DM2 164 x 190 km x 53.2°
251 97046 Panamsat 5 28 Aug 1997 at 00:33 UT K Block-DM3C 214 x 36018 km x 51.6°
252 97051 A: Iridium 29
B: Iridium 32
C: Iridium 33
D: Iridium 27
E: Iridium 28
F: Iridium 30
G: Iridium 31
14 Sep 1997 at 01:36 UT K Block-DM2C 516 x 516 km x 86.6°
253 97070 Coupon 1 12 Nov 1997 at 17:00 UT K Block-DM2  
254 97076 Astra 1G 2 Dec 1997 at 23:10 UT K Block-DM3C  
255 97086 Asiasat 3 24 Dec 1997 at 23:19 UT K Block-DM3C Partial failure: second burn of the Block DM3 failed and left the satellite in GTO (240 x 36000 km x 51.6°) Problem with a joint in the 11D58M motor.
256 98021 A: Iridium 62
B: Iridium 63
C: Iridium 64
D: Iridium 65
E: Iridium 66
F: Iridium 67
G: Iridium 68
7 Apr 1998 at 02:13 UT K Block-DM2C  
257 98025 Cosmos 2350 29 Apr 1998 at 04:40 UT K Block-DM2  
258 98028 Echostar 4 7 May 1998 at 23:45 UT K Block-DM3C  
259 98050 Astra 2A 30 Aug 1998 at 00:31 UT K Block-DM3C  
260 98065 Panamsat 8 4 Nov 1998 at 05:12 UT K Block-DM3C  
261 98067 Zarya 20 Nov 1998 at 06:40 UT K  
262 98077 A: Cosmos 2362
B: Cosmos 2363
C: Cosmos 2364
30 Dec 1998 at 18:35 UT K Block-DM2  
263 99005 Telstar 6 15 Feb 1999 at 05:12 UT K Block-DM3C  
264 99010 Raduga 1-4 28 Feb 1999 at 04:00 UT K Block-DM2  
265 99013 Asiasat 3S 21 Mar 1999 at 00:09 UT K Block-DM3C  
266 99027 Nimiq 1 20 May 1999 at 22:30 UT K Block-DM3C 7050 x 35790 km x 15.9°
267 99033 Astra 1H 18 Jun 1999 at 01:49 UT K Block-DM3C 7474 x 35842 km x 16.4°
268 n/a Raduga 05 Jul 1999 at 13:32 UT K Briz-M Failure: second stage. One of the motors failed, melted and caused an explosion
269 99047 A: Yamal 101
B: Yamal 102
6 Sep 1999 at 16:36 UT    
270 99053 LMI 1 26 Sep 1999 at 22:30 UT K Block-DM3C  
271 n/a Express A1 27 Oct 1999 at 16:16 K Failure: second stage: various debris were found in the combustion chamber. Something was probably left there at fabrication in 1992.
272 00011 Garuda 1 12 Feb 2000 at 09:10 UT K Block-DM3C 6348 x 36007 km
273 00013 Express A2 12 Mar 2000 at 04:07 UT K  
274 00019 Eutelsat Sesat 1 17 Apr 2000 at 21:06 UT K  
275 00029 Gorizont 33 6 Jun 2000 at 02:59 UT K Briz-M  
276 00031 Express A3 23 Jun 2000 at 23:28 UT K DM2M  
277 00035 Radiosat 1 30 Jun 2000 at 22:08 UT K Block-DM3C  
278 00036 Cosmos 2371 4 Jul 2000 at 23:44 UT K DM2?  
279 00037 Zveda 12 Jul 2000 at 04:56 UT K  
280 00049 Raduga 1-5 28 Aug 2000 at 20:08 UT K DM2?  
281 00051 Radiosat 2 5 Sep 2000 at 09:43 UT K Block-DM3C  
282 00059 GE 1A 1 Oct 2000 at 22:00 UT K Block-DM3C 7400 x 35786 km
283 00063 A: Cosmos 2374
B: Cosmos 2375
C: Cosmos 2376
13 Oct 2000 at 14:12 UT K Block-DM2  
284 00067 GE 6 21 Oct 2000 at 22:00 UT K Block-DM3C 5850 x 35726 km x 18.7°
285 00077 Radiosat 3 30 Nov 2000 at 19:59 UT K Block-DM3C  
286 01014 Ekran 21 7 Apr 2001 at 03:47 UT M Briz-M  
287 01019 Panamsat 10 15 May 2001 at 01:11 UT K Block-DM3C 7141 x 35995 km x 17°
288 01025 Astra 2C 16 Jun 2001 at 01:49 UT K Block-DM3C  
289 01037 Cosmos 2379 24 Aug 2001 at 02:34 UT K Block-DM2  
290 01045 Raduga 1-6 6 Oct 2001 at 16:45 UT K DM2  
291 01053 A: Cosmos 2380
B: Cosmos 2381
C: Cosmos 2382
1 Dec 2001 at 18:04 UT K Block-DM2  
292 02016 Intelsat 903 30 Mar 2002 at 17:24 UT K Block-DM3C 3500 x 35786 km x 25°
293 02023 Tempo 1 7 May 2002 at 17:00 UT K Block-DM3C 6600 x 35786 km x 17.6°
294 02029 Express A1R 10 Jun 2002 at 01:41 UT K DM2  
295 02037 Cosmos 2392 25 Jul 2002 at 15:13 UT K DM5  
296 02039 Echostar 8 22 Aug 2002 at 05:15 UT K Block-DM3C 4300 x 35800 km x 23°
297 02048 Integral 17 Oct 2002 at 04:41 UT K Block-DM2 9000 x 150000 km x 51.5°
298 02053 Astra 1K 25 Nov 2002 at 23:04 UT K Block-DM3C Failure: the DM3C stage's engine experienced excessive temperatures and was destroyed during second ignition.
299 02060 A: Cosmos 2394
B: Cosmos 2395
C: Cosmos 2396
25 Dec 2002 at 07:38 UT K Block-DM2  
300 02062 Nimiq 2 29 Dec 2002 at 23:17 UT M Briz-M  
301 03015 Cosmos 2397 24 Apr 2003 at 04:23 UT K Block-DM2  
302 03024 GE 9 06 Jun 2003 at 22:15 UT K Briz-M  
303 03053 A: Yamal 201
B: Yamal 202
24 Nov 2003 at 06:22 UT K Block-DM2M  
304 03056 A: Cosmos 2402
B: Cosmos 2403
C: Cosmos 2404
10 Dec 2003 at 17:42 UT K Block-DM2  
305 03059 Express AM22 28 Dec 2003 at 23:00 UT K Block-DM2M  
306 04008 Eutelsat W3A 15 Mar 2004 at 23:06 UT M Briz-M  
307 04010 Cosmos 2406 27 Mar 2004 at 03:30 UT K DM2?  
308 04015 Express AM11 26 Apr 2004 at 20:37 UT K Block-DM2M  
309 04022 Intelsat 1002 16 Jun 2004 at 22:27 UT M Briz-M 309 x 12967 km x 49.7°
310 04031 Amazonas 4 Aug 2004 at 22:32 UT M Briz-M 3142 x 35789 km x 9.1°
311 04041 GE 15 14 Oct 2004 at 21:23 UT M Briz-M 890 x 35765 km x 49°
312 04043 Express AM1 29 Oct 2004 at 22:11 UT K Block-DM2M  
313 04053 A: Cosmos 2411
B: Cosmos 2412
C: Cosmos 2413
26 Dec 2004 at 13:54 UT K Block-DM2  
314 05003 GE 1i / AMC 12 3 Feb 2005 at 02:27 UT M Briz-M  
315 05010 Express AM2 29 Mar 2005 at 21:31 UT K Block-DM2M  
316 05019 DirecTV 8 22 May 2005 at 17:59 UT M Briz-M 15139 x 35786 km x 7.9°
317 05023 Express AM3 24 Jun 2005 at 19:41 UT K Block-DM2M  
318 05036 Anik F1R 08 Sep 2005 at 21:53 UT M Briz-M 3171 x 35608 km x 10°
319 05050 A: Cosmos 2417
B: Cosmos 2418
C: Cosmos 2419
25 Dec 2005 at 05:07 UT K Block-DM2  
320 05052 AMC 23 29 Dec 2005 at 02:28 UT M Briz-M  
321 06006 Arabsat 4A 28 Feb 2006 at 20:10 UT M Briz-M Partial failure: early shutdown of the 2nd burn of Briz-M (foreign particle cause)
505 x 14695 km x 51.5°
322 06022 KazSat 1 18 Jun 2006 at 22:44 UT K Block-DM2M  
323 06032 Hotbird 8 4 Aug 2006 at 21:48 UT M Briz-M 3857 x 38504 km x 13.0°
324 06051 Arabsat 4B 8 Nov 2006 at 20:01 UT M Briz-M  
325 06056 Measat 3 11 Dec 2006 at 23:28 UT M Briz-M  
326 06062 A: Cosmos 2424
B: Cosmos 2425
C: Cosmos 2426
25 Dec 2006 at 20:18 UT K Block-DM2  
327 07009 Anik F3 9 Apr 2007 at 2254 UT M Briz-M 5514 x 35771 km x 11°
328 07032 DirecTV 10 7 Jul 2007 at 01:16 UT M Briz-M  
329 n/a Jcsat 11 5 Sep 2007 at 22:43 UT M Briz-M Failure: pyro controle cable of the separation between stage 1 and 2 failed, causing the separation failure 139 seconds into flight
330 07052 A: Cosmos 2431
B: Cosmos 2432
C: Cosmos 2433
26 Oct 2007 at 07:35 UT K Block-DM2  
331 07057 Sirius 4 17 Nov 2007 at 22:39 UT M Briz-M  
332 07058 Raduga 1-8 9 Dec 2007 at 00:19 UT M Briz-M  
333 07065 A: Cosmos 2435
B: Cosmos 2436
C: Cosmos 2434
25 Dec 2007 at 19:32 UT M Block DM2  
334 08003 Express AM33 29 Jan 2008 at 00:18 UT M Briz-M 405 x 35550 km x 46.2°
335 08006 Thor 2R 11 Feb 2008 at 11:34 UT M Briz-M  
336 08011 GE 14 14 Mar 2008 at 23:18 UT M Briz-M Partial failure: Briz-M shut down 2 minutes early (only 28000 km apogee) because of a broken gas duct.
337 08033 Cosmos 2440 26 Jun 2008 at 23:59 UT K Block-DM2  
338 08039 Inmarsat 4F3 18 Aug 2008 at 22:43 UT M Briz-M  
339 08044 Nimiq 4 19 Sep 2008 at 21:48 UT M Briz-M  
340 08046 A: Cosmos 2442
B: Cosmos 2443
C: Cosmos 2444
25 Sep 2008 at 08:49 UT M Block DM2  
341 08057 Astra 1M 5 Nov 2008 at 20:44 UT M Briz-M  
342 08036 Ciel 2 10 Dec 2008 at 13:43 UT M Briz-M  
343 08067 A: Cosmos 2447
B: Cosmos 2448
C: Cosmos 2449
25 Dec 2008 at 10:43 UT M Block DM2  
344 09007 A: Express AM44
B: Express MD1
11 Feb 2009 at 00:03 UT M Briz-M  
345 09010 Raduga 1-9 28 Feb 2009 at 04:10 UT M Block DM2  
346 09016 Eutelsat W2A 3 Apr 2009 at 16:24 UT M Briz-M  
347 09027 ProtoStar 2 16 May 2009 at 00:58 UT M Briz-M  
348 09034 Radiosat 5 30 Jun 2009 at 19.10 UT M Briz-M  
349 09042 Asiasat 5 11 Aug 2009 at 19:47 UT M Briz-M  
359 09050 Nimiq 5 17 Sep 2009 at 19:19 UT M Briz-M  
360 09065 Eutelsat W7 24 Nov 2009 at 14:19 UT M Briz-M  
361 09070 A: Cosmos 2456
B: Cosmos 2458
C: Cosmos 2457
14 Dec 2009 at 10:38 UT M Block DM2  
362 09075 Directv 12 29 Dec 2009 at 00:22 UT M Briz-M 5120 x 35786 km x 20.7°
363 10002 Raduga 1-10 28 Jan 2010 at 00:18 UT M Briz-M  
364 10006 Intelsat 16 12 Feb 2010 at 00:39 UT M Briz-M enh 37515 x 38009 km x 0.1°
365 10007 A: Cosmos 2459
B: Cosmos 2460
C: Cosmos 2461
1 Mar 2010 at 21:19 UT M Block DM2  
366 10010 Echostar 14 20 Mar 2010 at 18:27 UT M Briz-M  
367 10016 SES 1 24 Apr 2010 M Briz-M  
368 10025 Arabsat 5B 4 Jun 2010 at 11:00 UT M Briz-M  
369 10034 Echostar 15 11 Jul 2010 at 18:40 UT M Briz-M  
370 10041 A: Cosmos 2464
B: Cosmos 2465
C: Cosmos 2466
02 Sep 2010 at 00:53 UT M Block DM2  
371 10053 XM 5 14 Oct 2010 at 18:53 UT M Briz-M  
372 10061 MSV 1 14 Nov 2010 at 17:29 UT M Briz-M  
373 n/a 3 Glonass 05 Dec 2010 at 10:25 UT M Block DM3 Failure: (new) 3rd stage over-fueled because of larger tank
374 10069 Kasat 26 Dec 2010 at 21:51 UT M Briz-M  
375 11021 Estrela Do Sul 2 20 May 2011 at 19:15 UT M Briz-M  
376 11035 A: SES 3
B: Kazsat 2
15 Jul 2011 at 23:16 UT M Briz-M  
377 11045 A: Express AM4 18 Aug 2011 at 21:25 UT M Briz-M Partial Failure: 3rd stage delivered the satellite in the wrong orbit (694 x 20242 km): Briz-M gyro platform issue
378 11048 Cosmos 2473 20 Sep 2011 at 22:47 UT M Briz-M  
379 11054 Quetzsat 29 Sep 2011 at 18:32 UT M Briz-M  
380 11059 Viasat 1 19 Oct 2011 at 18:48 UT M Briz-M  
381 11064 A: Cosmos 2475
B: Cosmos 2476
C: Cosmos 2477
04 Nov 2011 at 12:52 UT M Briz-M enh  
382 11069 Asiasat 7 25 Nov 2011 at 19:10 UT M-Briz-M  
383 11074 A: Amos 5
B: Luch 5A
11 Dec 2011 at 11:17 UT M-Briz-M  
384 12007 NSS 14 14 Feb 2012 at 19:36 UT M-Briz-M  
385 12011 Intelsat 22 25 Mar 2012 at 12:10 UT M-Briz-M  
386 12012 Cosmos 2479 30 Mar 2012 at 05:49 UT K Block-DM2  
387 12016 Yahsat 1B 23 Apr 2012 at 22:18 UT M-Briz-M  
388 12026 Nimiq 6 17 May 2012 at 19:12 UT M-Briz-M  
389 12036 Astra 4B 9 Jul 2012 at 18:38 UT M-Briz-M  
390 12044 A: Telkom 3
B: Express MD2
6 Aug 2012 at 19:31 UT M-Briz-M partial failure: Briz M did not deliver the satellite in GTO (hardware fuel feed issue)
266 x 5015 km x 49.9°
391 12057 Intelsat 23 14 Oct 2012 at 12:37 UT M-Briz-M  
392 12061 A: Yamal 300K
B: Luch 5B
2 Nov 2012 at 21:04 UT M-Briz-M  
393 12065 Echostar 16 20 Nov 2012 at 18:31 UT M-Briz-M  
394 12070 Yamal 402 8 Dec 2012 at 13:13 UT M-Briz-M partial failure: deployed in a lower than planned orbit
395 13012 Satmex 8 26 Mar 2013 at 19:07 UT M-Briz-M  
396 13014 Anik G1 15 Apr 2013 at 18:36 UT M-Briz-M  
397 13022 Eutelsat 3D 14 May 2013 at 16:02 UT M-Briz-M  
398 13026 SES 6 3 Jun 2013 at 09:18 UT M-Briz-M 4461 x 65024 km x 26.4°
399 n/a 3 Glonass 2 Jul 2013 at 02:38 UT M Block DM3 Failure: first stage veered off-course 10 seconds into the flight because of wrongly installed sensors
400 13056 Astra 2E 29 Sep 2013 at 21:38 UT M-Briz-M  
401 13058 Radiosat 6 / Sirius FM6 25 Oct 2013 at 18:08 UT M-Briz-M  
402 13062 Raduga 1-11 11 Nov 2013 at 23:46 UT M-Briz-M  
403 13073 Inmarsat 5F1 8 Dec 2013 at 12:12 UT M-Briz-M  
404 13077 Express AM5 26 Dec 2013 at 10:49 UT M-Briz-M  
405 14007 Turksat 4A 14 Feb 2014 at 21:09 UT M-Briz-M  
406 14010 A: Express AT1
B: Express AT2
15 Mar 2014 at 23:08 UT M-Briz-M  
407 14023 A: Luch 5V
B: Kazsat 3
28 Apr 2014 at 04:25 UT M-Briz-M  
408 n/a Express AM4R 15 May 2014 at 21:42 UT M-Briz-M Failure: 3rd stage engine turbo pump defect or fuel leak leading to propulsion failure
409 14058 Luch 5O 27 Sep 2014 at 20:23 UT M-Briz-M  
410 14064 Express AM6 21 Oct 2014 at 15:09 UT M-Briz-M 31307x37784 km x 0.7° (lower than expected)
411 14082 Yamal 401 15 Dec 2014 at 00:16 UT M-Briz-M  
412 14089 Astra 2G 27 Dec 2014 at 21:37 UT M-Briz-M  
413 15004 Inmarsat 5F2 1 Feb 2015 at 21:37 UT M-Briz-M 4366 x 64698 km x 26.8°
414 15012 Express AM7 13 Mar 2015 at 22:05 UT M-Briz-M  
415 n/a Mexsat 1 16 May 2015 at 05:47 UT M-Briz-M failure: 3rd stage, excessive vibrations
416 15042 Inmarsat 5F3 28 Aug 2015 at 11:44 UT M-Briz-M  
417 15048 Express AM8 14 Sep 2015 at 19:00 UT M Block DM3  
418 15060 Turksat 4B 16 Oct 2015 at 20:40 UT M-Briz-M  
419 15075 Cosmos 2513 13 Dec 2015 at 00:17 UT M-Briz-M  
420 15082 Express AMU1 24 Dec 2015 21:31 UT M-Briz-M  
421 16005 Eutelsat 9B 29 Jan 2016 at 22:20 UT M-Briz-M 4,371 x 35,687 km x 12.05°
422 16017 ExoMars 14 Mar 2016 at 09:31 UT M-Briz-M  
423 16035 Intelsat 31 9 Jun 2016 at 07:10 UT M-Briz-M Partial failure: one of the second stage motor shutdown early (28.2 m/s velocity lacking). The Briz-M was able to compensate
424 17032 Echostar 21 8 Jun 2017 at 03:45 UT M-Briz-M  
425 17046 Cosmos 2520 16 Aug 2017 at 22:07 UT M-Briz-M  
426 17053 Amazonas 5 11 Sep 2017 at 19:23 UT M-Briz-M  
427 17057 Asiasat 9 28 Sep 2017 at 18:52 UT M-Briz-M  
428 18037 Cosmos 2526 18 Apr 2018 at 22:12 UT M-Briz-M  

Notes: All launches from Tyouratam (Baikonur).

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